This holiday season, many of us will get new devices. A new iPhone under the tree, an upgraded laptop, a faster router, a larger TV, etc. New gadgets are great, but what do we do with the old ones we’re replacing?
THE BAD NEWS
THE GOOD NEWS
THE EVEN BETTER NEWS
It’s a little more work than simply tossing our electronics in the garbage can, but proper disposal is worth it. We finally have a place to take that ancient iPhone 4 with the cracked screen. We can now get rid of that slow, dusty PC running Windows 98. And even more exciting—we can now clear out that drawer with the rat’s nest of unusable, obsolete charging cords!
To Upgrade, or Not to Upgrade?
That is the question. That is always the question when it comes to software. Some people can’t wait to get the latest upgrade, going so far as to download the beta (development) version—bugs and all. Some, don’t really know how to get the new versions, so they hardly ever upgrade. Others, don’t really trust any new versions, so they never upgrade.
In general, I always say to keep your devices as updated as possible. Updates to apps and system software are important for security patches and overall performance improvements. There are exceptions to this, however.
Here’s what you need to know
At the end of October, both Microsoft and Apple released new operating systems. For Microsoft it's the first major upgrade to Windows in six years: Windows 11. This new software contains updated features and a more streamlined look and feel. Some say it has a more “Mac-like” design.
To see if your PC is compatible with Windows 11, type “check for updates” in the Windows search box. Your PC will then let you know if it has the capability to run Windows 11. Note: even if you can download the update, Microsoft may not let you at first. The company is rolling out the availability over time, letting a fixed amount of users download each month, with plans to finish by mid-2022.
Around the same time as Microsoft released Windows 11, Apple also launched its new operating system, OS 12 Monterey. This update contains new features, for both productivity and security. Check for updates under System Preferences to see if your Mac is suitable for Monterey. Unlike Microsoft’s new operating system, all compatible Macs can download the software immediately.
How Update Versions Work
So, should you download these new operating systems? When it comes to the major upgrades, I prefer to wait for at least one to two subsequent bug fixes to come out. For instance, Monterey is called OS 12 or 12.0. The number shows the version. As with any new release, users and developers discover bugs, or problems, with the system. Software engineers for the company then quickly fix the bugs with a minor update and name it 12.0.1. The next one will be 12.0.2, and so on.
Waiting patiently for a couple of these fixes to be implemented can save you potential headaches. For example, Business Insider reported that some users couldn’t get their computers to start up again after installing Monterey. Note: the first general release of Monterey to the public was version 12.0.1, so even the first bug update didn’t include a fix for these users yet.
My advice with both the new Windows and Mac operating systems is to wait a good couple of months. Then take advantage of the great features these two platforms have to offer. In the meantime, though, let other people be the Guinnea pigs!
We all know we should do it. Backing up our computers, our tablets, and our phones. At least we’ve heard about it and thought, “Is that something I should be doing?”
While the answer is YES, there are a couple of reasons and various ways to back up our data. Let’s start with the reasons:
Now let’s explore different ways to back up:
So which way should you go? External hard drive or cloud backup? My recommendation is to do at least one of them, if not both. They both have different strengths. For example, with an external hard drive, you can perform backups that will allow you to recover your data from any point in time. This is particularly helpful if a virus infects and corrupts your files. You can restore your system to a date before the infection. With a cloud backup, your data is synced among all of your devices, and it’s also stored off site. Meaning, should you have a fire at home that destroys your computer and external hard drive, you’ll still have a backup copy in the cloud server located in, say, California.
Yes, we should all be backing up our computers and other devices. Setting it up can feel like a chore, though. You know it has to be done, but the idea of it seems a bit too daunting–like deciding you need to go through all of your cabinets in order to remodel the kitchen. If you feel like you’ve been procrastinating and need a nudge to get going, or you aren’t sure about how to do it, give me a call. I’ll be happy to help you through this crucial process!
Let's find out what your Elf Name is. Pick which month you were born. That's your first name. Now look at your day of birth. That's your last name. Cute, right? This is a common quiz that we see on Facebook all the time. It asks you these questions, then tells you to share your answers so friends can have a good laugh, too. It's just like those other ones that ask you:
Which dog breed are you? Fill in your favorite color, your mother's maiden name, and your high school mascot to find out!
So much fun. They seem so harmless, coming to you in your social media feed between posts from your Aunt Janet and her adorable kittens and your best friend's pics from Mackinac Island.
They may be fun, but they are frequently quite dangerous when it comes to your safety. What do you notice about the questions above? Have you seen ones like them anywhere else? Yep, these are typical security questions you fill in when you create an online account, such as the one with your bank.
Filling out quizzes like these on social media can lead to scammers stealing your identity, stealing your money, and impersonating you to your friends and family. Not all quizzes are bad, but you should be very cautious before taking one. Here are some tips to stay safe:
1. Be skeptical–try to find out who created the quiz. Is it a person or brand you trust? If not, don't proceed.
2. Don't give answers to common security questions–even answers to things that seem so innocuous, like favorite foods or the street you grew up on.
3. Remove personal details from your social media profile–don't publish your phone number or home address.
4. Check your social media account's privacy settings–be stingy about what info you share, and who gets to see it.
5. Monitor your friend requests–don't accept requests from people you don't know, and be wary of second requests from people you're already friends with. These may be imposters trying to get your data and list of friends.
Unfortunately, social media can be a tricky and unsafe to place to be sometimes. However, knowing that there are risks and how to stay away from them can keep your time on there fun. As I always say, don't be scared. Just be vigilant. This way you can still enjoy those videos of Aunt Janet's 6 cats chasing her from the dinner table and eating her tuna casserole.
If I had a nickel for every time I've thought of dropping our Xfinity and just going with streaming for our TV, I'd have...well, I'd have a lot of nickels. There's a reason, though, why I haven't "cut the cord" yet. It has to do with the discount I get with bundling my services through Xfinity. Because I get both my internet and TV service through Xfinity, I pay less than if I had subscribed to both individually. If I drop my TV service with them, then my internet cost would skyrocket, thus wiping out any savings I might have had by just using a streaming service.
That doesn't mean, necessarily, that cutting the cord is a bad idea. You just have be careful. If you read last month's blog article on streaming, then you know that there are a ton of streaming services available. It's tempting to subscribe to all of them. It's also a fast way to spend a lot of money. My advice is to pick and choose those that feature most of the shows and movies you're interested in. Also, many streaming services will let you cancel whenever you want. Potentially, you could just subscribe to watch a particular series, then unsubscribe when finished.
Being price conscious is only part of the equation, though. Here are some other things to consider when "cutting the cord":
•Do you like to have DVR service to record shows? Then make sure you are comfortable with the streaming service's version of a digital recorder. For instance, some, like YouTube TV's "DVR," doesn't actually record–you simply access their content in the cloud. They then keep it for you in a virtual library for quick access.
•Do you like to be up to date and see the latest show episodes when they first air on broadcast TV? Then make sure your streaming service carries the current season of the show–not just last year's.
•Speaking of broadcast TV, if you drop cable or satellite, make sure your streaming service has the local channels you want. (For instance, YouTubeTV and Hulu Plus Live TV have some local channels, but Netflix does not.) If none of your streaming services offers local broadcast channels, then installing an HD antenna would be a good option. The antenna costs money to buy, but the airwaves are free.
•Do you like to watch sports on TV? Ending your cable or satellite agreement means you might not be able to watch all of the Michigan football games, or see the Red Wings lose, from the comfort of your couch. Be sure that your replacement streaming service has the sports channels you enjoy, like ESPN, Big Ten Network, and Bally Sports Detroit.
Once you've factored in all of the variables–price, content, episode timing, channels, and convenience–then you can decide if cutting the cord is right for you.
Making Sense of Streaming TV
Many TV viewers have been turning to an ever-growing number of streaming services to get their entertainment, sports, and news. Some are adding streaming to enhance their satellite or cable service, and some are completely switching to streaming because they're "cutting the cord" from satellite and cable. Sometimes I feel like we are little islands in a river, and we have this abundance of services streaming by us. It's hard to know which ones to hook into. If we're not careful, we could wind up spending more money than if we had the most premium Xfinity pacakage. It can also be confusing to know the difference between, say, Netflix and Prime, or Apple TV and Apple TV+. Here's a short tutorial on what the various streaming services are and how to receive them.
First, let's break down the terminology into two categories: streaming services and streaming devices.
A streaming service is a "channel," such as Netflix, Hulu or Peacock that provide video on demand. A streaming device is a physical piece of hardware that allows you to watch a service on your TV.
Each service offers it's own library of TV shows and movies, and most have a monthly or annual subscription fee. A service like Netflix will have shows and movies that it licenses from many different production studios. They will also have in-house TV series and movies that they (Netflix) produce. And some services, such as Peacock, will only have entertainment from their parent company (NBC in Peacock's case).
In addition to those I just mentioned, here are a few more examples of popular services and what type of content they have to offer:
Prime Video: Owned by Amazon, this service is a lot like Netflix. When you sign up for Amazon Prime to get that great free shipping on Amazon's shopping website, you also get Prime Video.
Disney+: Owned by Disney (obviously), this service has nearly all Disney movies and shows from Walt Disney Studios and the Disney Channel going back since the days of Walt. It also includes the different holdings that Disney owns today, such as Marvel, Jim Henson's Muppets, and Star Wars.
Hulu: This service is also much like Netflix with it's broad range of entertainment from many sources. They also offer a live TV streaming option (called Hulu + Live TV). You get many of the same channels you would get with a cable or satellite subscription, plus local channels and sports networks. Hulu + Live TV is attractive to many cord cutters, due to the available channels and sports content.
YouTube TV: Owned by Google, YouTube TV is a direct competitor to Hulu's live service. You get many of the same channels you would get with a cable or satellite subscription, plus local channels and sports networks.
HBO Max: Hold on to your hats– this is where it gets crazy. It is different than plain old HBO that you might get with your cable or satellite provider. HBO Max is a streaming service that lets you stream HBO, plus even more movies, TV favorites, as well as new HBO Max original content.
You can also stream just HBO by itself. That service used to be called HBO Now and HBO Go. Just to confuse everyone. Now they simply call it HBO.
Apple TV+: This is Apple's on-demand video streaming service, featuring content that it has purchased or has had produced. Apple TV+ is NOT the same thing as Apple TV. Again, just to confuse everyone.
Apple TV is a streaming device. It is a physical, little box that you can buy at the mall or online. It plugs into your TV and connects to your internet. When you turn it on, you can then select and subscribe to your various streaming services, like Netflix or Apple TV+. Apple TVs also integrate seamlessly with any other Apple products you may own.
Another popular streaming device is Roku. like an Apple TV, it is also a physical box that works the same way. Amazon is into the game, as well, with their Fire HD device. They also offer a tiny yet powerful version called the Fire Stick. And, of course, Google is in on the action with its Chromecast TV device. Any of these devices will get most of your streaming services. Those services that aren't preloaded are usually available by download to your device.
The last type of device I'd like to share with you is the "Smart TV." This simply means that, if your TV has this designation, then it can connect directly to the internet and act as a streaming device. However, do your research. Not all brands of smart TVs get all streaming services. All TVs made today are considered "smart." If you have an older model at home, though, look to see if it's a smart TV. That way you'll know if you can use your TV for streaming, or if you'll have to purchase an external device like an Apple TV.
There are many different streaming devices and even more streaming services that I don't have the space to mention. It's best to do your research on the cost of the device and the cost of the subscriptions. You should also think about which services have the type of content you want to watch. If you're not careful, those $9.99/month subscriptions can add up fast!
Please let me know if I can be of any assistance to help you navigate these waters and get you the exact device and services that are right for you.
If you don't already use a mobile payment app, chances are, you've at least heard of them. You may have had a friend trying to pay you back for lunch at Zingerman's ask, "Do you have Venmo?" Or, perhaps you've seen the Apple Pay logo on myriad credit card machines in stores. More than ever, these payment systems are growing and becoming mainstream. Let's explore what exactly mobile payment apps are, and should you be using them?
First, what is a mobile payment app? As the name suggests, it's an application that you can use from your smartphone to pay for things. The various types basically fall into two categories.
1. Apps to pay for goods and services directly to businesses
2. Apps to send money directly to another person (known as person-to-person or P2P)
Examples of payment apps in the first category include Apple Pay, Google Pay, Samsung Pay, and PayPal. Some of them come pre-installed on your smartphone, and some you have to download. To use one of the apps, you need to enter and store your credit card information. This is done securely, as only you can access it with your passcode, Touch ID, or facial recognition. When you go to pay for something at the store, your authorization sends your payment information as an anonymized token (an encrypted version of your credit card number). Your actual number is not sent, so paying with the app is considered safer than physically handing over your card. Additionally, these transmissions comply with the same encryption security standards as regular card payments. And, most banks these days have a no-liability policy to protect you against fraud, so you can use the app with peace of mind.
All of the above mentioned apps also fall into the second category: Person-to-Person (P2P) transactions. With each one, you can securely link your bank account or bank debit card in order to pay a friend directly. Two additional apps in this division are Zelle and Venmo. While you can't use the latter two in a store at the credit card machine, they are secure ways to pay individuals. You'll find that many banks have incorporated Zelle into their own mobile apps. Venmo is so popular, in fact, that we've seen its verbification: "Can I Venmo you that?"
Zelle transactions go directly from your bank account to your friend's bank account. (Same with Google Pay.) With Venmo and the other apps, when someone pays you, the money goes into a holding area. You then must transfer it to your bank account, which takes 1-3 days. (Note: Venmo will allow you to receive funds directly to your bank account for a small fee.)
Think of using P2P apps for paying individuals to be just like handing over cash to someone, so be careful. When the transaction is complete, you can't get your money back if you change your mind or sent it to the wrong person (unless your payee has a conscience). It's important, therefore, that you only use P2P apps with someone you know.
Employed smartly, though, mobile payment apps are a quick, convenient, and safe way to make transactions. Before setting up the first one on my phone a few years ago, I called my bank to get its opinion. The response I received was reassuring, and I've been using 4 of these apps ever since. Mobile payment apps are growing in number and are here to stay for the time being. According to a NerdWallet survey in 2020, 79% of Americans reported using mobile payment apps. So go ahead and use them–use them wisely, and use them confidently.
Recently, a client of mine shared an article with me about how China was behind a recent hack of Microsoft Exchange servers across the U.S., allowing unauthorized access to hundreds of thousands of emails. Reports like this are both scary and frustrating–scary in the sense that we want to feel our data is safe, and frustrating in that most of us can't keep up with all of the latest security prevention methods.
I've talked before about ways to keep your privacy and data safe, but here I'll go into some detail about some of the easiest steps you can take to keep out unwanted hackers. Of course, a good first step is to be sure the computer's firewall protection is turned on. You can find this in Windows by typing "Windows Defender Firewall" in the search box. On a Mac, go to Security & Privacy in your System Preferences.
Of course, it's also beneficial to make sure you have solid, reputable malware protection installed. Be careful in which one you select, however. A few out there will actually slow down your computer and make it run like it's on drugs.
Aside from firewall and malware protection, though, the easiest step you can take is to keep your computer's software up-to-date. This goes for your operating system, as well as your applications. We've all seen those notifications. They pop up whenever we're in the middle of doing something important. I think we've all grown so accustomed to seeing popups for ads and scams that we instinctively dismiss almost any alert. And if we do happen to read them and think that they're legit, remember, we're in the middle of something important and can't be disturbed right now. We'll get to it later.
Next thing we know, our operating system is three generations behind and is out-of-date.
Another reason we don't install the latest software updates–and I'm guilty of this too–is that we're afraid they may contain bugs, or they'll make some of our applications nonfunctional. To be honest, bugs, glitches, and obsolescence do happen. That's why it's important to read what improvements come with the new version. If it's a new security patch, like the one Microsoft initiated, then upgrade it immediately. If the update is merely for cosmetic changes or new features, then it's okay to wait a month to make sure the developer has fixed any unexpected bugs. (Note: people sometimes confuse "bugs" with "viruses." Bugs are not malicious–they are mostly just small dysfunctions in a program caused by a mistake in the code.) Often, updates are exactly that: they fix the known bugs in the software, and it's a good idea to download them.
Clients ask me, "Should I do this update? Do I need it?" The short answer is almost always yes. If not immediately, then very soon. For my own computers, I follow the same advice. Not only do I get excited about seeing new features in an update (yes, I'm a nerd that way), but I also sleep better knowing that I have the latest security patches to defend against hackers.
It wasn't too long ago that setting up an email account seemed like a real fun idea. It was the greatest invention to come along since a phone you could carry in your pocket. But now, a lot of the luster has worn off, and our grand electronic postal service that was supposed to help us quickly communicate with friends, family, and business colleagues has turned into a dumping ground for sales announcements from LL Bean, Hotel Deals This Weekend Only! and corny jokes and stories that have made the rounds around the internet so many times they're received like fruitcakes at Christmas. The stories probably weren't even true anyway.
These emails come so fast and so abundantly. We haven't the time to keep up–not even to delete them. As a result, we end up with thousands of unread messages in our Inbox, and we run the risk of missing the important ones. Or, at the very worst, we give up and don't even bother checking them anymore. What can we do to regain control?
1. One method to resolve this issue is to cut bait and delete everything older than 30 days (or whatever timeframe you're most comfortable with). Think of it as an Amnesty Day for old emails that were waiting to be read. Let them go. If something was that important, and you missed it, chances are likely that the person or organization would have called you by now. You will end up with a much more manageable garden to then go weed. Save this one, delete that one, etc.
2. Additionally, one trick to preemptively handle future onslaughts of unwanted emails is to click on Unsubscribe, usually found at the bottom of commercial emails in tiny faint letters. Be sure to wear your progressive lenses. Note: only click on Unsubscribe in emails from legitimate businesses and organizations. Companies, like Target, will honor your request and take you off of their mailing list. Dubious players, like Ukrainian Wines Cheap!, will not. In fact, clicking Unsubscribe here will likely encourage them to send you more junk.
3. An alternative, the nuclear option, is to start all over with a new email address. If you choose this solution, be sure to send out an email to all of your contacts stating that you want them to email you at your new address. Don't forget to let your doctors and other services know, too!
Once you've cleaned out your Inbox and have 0 unread emails, It's a good idea to check it frequently enough that you don't let them accumulate again. From now on, that red bubble with the number in it will have regained significance and legitimacy.
Spilling coffee on your laptop, a power surge during a summer storm, or plain old hard drive failure. These are just a few things that can cause your computer to crash and for you to lose access to whatever you had stored on it–photos, music, documents, and more. If this were to happen, what would you lose? Would it be "game over," or do you have a backup plan?
Having a good backup system in place is a core element in managing your digital life. (And, as much as many of us hate to admit it, almost all of us do indeed have a digital life in some fashion or another.) Fortunately, the process of making sure your important items are backed up isn't as daunting as it seems.
There are a few solutions that are readily available. One that requires almost no work at all is cloud computing. It's a fancy shmancy term for having your data synced and backed up to a computer that's located somewhere else. If you have a Gmail account, you are using "the cloud." Your emails are located on a server that Google owns, and any device you use to access your email talks to that server. Google Drive is the same thing, only with documents. Any changes you make from any device are synced on Google's cloud server. Microsoft has OneDrive, and Apple has iCloud for email, photos, documents, and other data.
However, simply owning an iPhone or MacBook doesn't guarantee that you're using the cloud. You have to turn it on in System Preferences. Likewise, if you download a Google Doc to your computer and make changes to it, it doesn't mean that the new version is necessarily stored in the cloud anymore. While there are some procedures to follow, fortunately they're not difficult once you get started.
Cloud computing aside, it's also a good idea to backup your entire computer to an external hard drive on a regular basis. Both Macs and Windows PCs have programs that can automate this function for you. You just need to purchase the hard drive. Good news: they're not that expensive, and they hold a lot of data! From your external hard drive, you can even restore your entire system should you experience a crash or buy a new computer and want everything back the way it was.
Managing your digital life is something necessary–like going to the dentist twice a year (but not as painful as getting a filling). With a few procedures in place, you can feel confident that your important documents and family photos are backed up. You'll be ready when lightning strikes!